cPanel is an online Linux-based web hosting control panel that provides a graphical interface and automation tools designed to simplify the process of hosting a website. cPanel utilizes a three-tier structure that provides capabilities for administrators, resellers, and end-user website owners to control the various aspects of website and server administration through a standard web browser.\cPanel has been written in Perl and was first released on March 21, 1996. It can only be installed in Linux servers, it supports CentOS, RHEL, and CloudLinux operating the software.
cPanel is a Linux-based hosting management control panel. It is used to manage your website and server’s backend working system. It provides the graphical user interface for most of the tasks we perform on the website’s server, for example, uploading files, creating emails, setting cron jobs, handling databases, etc.
cPanel is installed on a Linux system by the server administrator. With the help of the cPanel Software Server, an Administrator can create Virtual Private Servers or it can dedicate the whole server for a shared hosting environment.
cPanel Shared hosting has three types of user levels.
FEATURES OF CPANEL
Use the File Manager interface to manage your files. This feature allows you to upload, create, remove, and edit files without the need for FTP or other third-party applications.
Use the Images interface to manage your images. You can view and resize images, or use this feature to convert image file types.
Use the Directory Privacy interface to limit access to certain resources on your website. Enable this feature to password-protect specific directories that you do not want to allow visitors to access.
Use the Disk Usage interface to scan your disk and view a graphical overview of your account’s available space. This feature can help you to manage your disk space usage.
Use the Web Disk feature to access to your website’s files as if they were a local drive on your computer.
Use the FTP Accounts interface to manage File Transfer Protocol (FTP) accounts.
Use the FTP Connections interface to view current connections to your site via FTP. Terminate FTP connections to prevent unauthorized or unwanted file access.
Use the Anonymous FTP interface to allow users to connect to your FTP directory without a password. Use of this feature may cause security risks.
Use the Backup interface to back up your website. This feature allows you to download a zipped copy of your cPanel account’s contents (home directory, databases, email forwarders, and email filters) to your computer.
Use the File Restoration interface to restore items from backed-up files.
Use the Backup Wizard interface as a step-by-step guide to assist you in backup creation.
cPanel offers the following advantages −
- It is very easy to host a website using cPanel.
- It is multiannual and available in many languages.
- It is responsive and adapts to any screen size, it can be used efficiently in mobile and Tablet too.
- cPanel has an inbuilt File Manager, which helps in managing your files without the hassles of an FTP.
- cPanel has integrated webmail software, which helps in sending and receiving emails through online webmail client.
- You can easily create a backup of your website in a few steps. This will help you to restore your backup if your website encounters any error.
- You can easily manage your website databases, as cPanel has integrated phpMyAdmin, which helps to directly manage databases.
cPanel does not have any significant drawbacks, however here are a couple of its notable disadvantages −
- cPanel is a commercial software and you need to pay to get this.
- cPanel is meant for small and medium websites only. Creating a large website using cPanel is not recommended.
Start your Website with Domain Name
Step 1 − Choose a perfect domain name for your website. If it’s a business website, then you may want to go with a domain name, which is the name of your business.
Step 2 − Choose a good domain registrar company having good support infrastructure. For example, Alibaba Group or GoDaddy.
Step 3 − In the registrar’s website, check if your domain name is available for registration. If the domain you selected has been already registered by someone, then you will have to think of some other domain name. If your domain name is available to register, then you can proceed further.
Step 4 − Provide your contact information and everything that the registrar asked for. It is mandatory that you provide correct information while registering a domain name, as it will be visible to everyone if the user looks for WHOIS information.
Step 5 − You can hide your contact details by choosing to be viewed by anyone by subscribing privacy protection service. This service hides all your contact information to everyone except the registrar, this service is provided by many domain registrars at some extra cost.
Step 6 − Complete the purchase by paying the registration fees. The domain name will be registered to you.