WordPress is a free and open-source content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL.Features include a plugin architecture and a template system. It is most associated with blogging but supports other types of web content including more traditional mailing lists and forums, media galleries, and online stores. Used by more than 60 million websites, including 30.6% of the top 10 million websites as of April 2018, WordPress is the most popular website management system in use.WordPress has also been used for other application domains such as pervasive display systems (PDS).
What is Content Management System (CMS)?
The Content Management System (CMS) is a software which stores all the data such as text, photos, music, documents, etc. and is made available on your website. It helps in editing, publishing and modifying the content of the website.
WordPress is considered to be the most popular content management system due to its characteristics.
- The most important features of WordPress are that you can create a dynamic website without any programming and design knowledge.
- WordPress is theme based which provides you options for various open source and premium design themes, which can be integrated easily without any designing knowledge.
- Plugins extend the functionality of WordPress, which can be used to add new required modules.
- WordPress sites are search engine optimization (SEO) friendly, it means sites built in WordPress can be easily optimized for search engine listings.
- WordPress is Multilingual, which allow users to translate content in their language.
- WordPress has an inbuilt Media Management System which is used to manage images, music, documents etc. and can be used with text content.
- It is an open source platform and available for free.
- CSS files can be modified according to the design as per users need.
- There are many plugins and templates available for free. Users can customize the various plugins as per their need.
- It is very easy to edit the content as it uses WYSIWYG editor (What You See Is What You Get is a user interface that allows the user to directly manipulate the layout of the document without having a layout command).
- Using several plugins can make the website heavy to load and run.
- PHP knowledge is required to make modifications or changes in the WordPress website.
- Sometimes software needs to be updated to keep the WordPress up-to-date with the current browsers and mobile devices. Updating WordPress version leads to loss of data, so a backup copy of the website is required.
Download WordPress And Setup
When you open the link https://wordpress.org/download/, you will get to see a screen as the following snapshot −
Create Store Database
- WordPress requires a MySQL database. To create a new empty database with user/password (for example, a user as “root” and password as “root” or else you can set as per your convenience).
- Then, you can continue with the installation process as discussed further.
Set Up Wizard
It’s very easy to set up WordPress into your system. The following steps describe how to set up WordPress locally on your system.
Step (1) − Extract the downloaded WordPress folder and upload it into your web server or localhost.
Step (2) − Open your browser and navigate to your WordPress file path, then you will get the first screen of the WordPress installer as shown in the following screen. In our case, the path is localhost/< Your_wordpress_folder >.
Select your language for the WordPress and click on Continue.
Step (3) − In this step, you can view the information needed for the database before proceeding with WordPress installation.
Click on Let’s go!
Step (4) − Here, you have to enter the information about the MySQL database as described in the following screen.
- Database Name − Enter the database name which you have created in MySQL database for WordPress.
- Username − Enter the username of your MySQL database.
- Password − Enter the password which you had set for MySQL database.
- Database Host − Write the hostname, by default it will be localhost.
- Table Prefix − It is used to add a prefix in the database tables which helps to run multiple sites on the same database. It takes the default value.
After filling all information, click on Submit button.
Step (5) − WordPress checks the database setting and gives you the confirmation screen as shown in the following snapshot.
Click on Run the install
Step (6) − Enter administrative information.
It contains the following fields −
- Site Title − Enter the name of the site which you are going to create in WordPress.
- Username − Enter the username as per your choice while logging in the WordPress.
- Password twice − Enter password two times to protect your site.
- Your E-mail − Enter your e-mail address which helps to recover the password or any update.
- Privacy − It allows the search engine to index this site after checking the checkbox.
After filling all the information, click on the Install WordPress button.
Step (7) − After installation is successful, you will get a screen of the stating success as seen in the following screen.
You can view your username and password detail added in WordPress.
Click on login button.
Step (8) − After clicking on login, you will get a WordPress Admin Panel as depicted in the following screen.